More and more people are travelling internationally than was previously prevalent, whether for work or leisure. Therefore it is becoming increasingly important to pay attention to travel medicine as travellers are prone to acquiring infectious diseases that are not endemic in their home countries. For example, an expatriate to Nigeria is prone to malaria whereas Nigerians in Nigeria are less prone because their immune system is accustomed to the parasite.

Travellers frequently travel to developing nations, and the top destination countries include India, Tanzania, Kenya, Thailand.

Common complaints of travellers when ill include:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Respiratory Tract Symptoms
  • Skin Problems
  • Fever

These are symptoms of different kinds of infectious diseases, and these can be transmitted from one person to another.

Before travelling, do a research on your destination to find out, amongst other things, common infectious diseases associated. If possible, have a pre-travel consultation with your health service provider on health risks associated with travel and how to mitigate them. Your discussion will include:

  1. Personal protective measures
  2. Chemoprophylaxis
  3. Vaccination

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